Report: V2X market communications ecosystem helping pave way for fully autonomous driving
A new report from ReportsnReports.com, "V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) Communications Ecosystem: 2019 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts," presents an assessment of the V2X ecosystem. The assessment includes market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, application scenarios, use cases, business models, key trends, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, V2X deployment case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles, and strategies. The report also presents market size forecasts from 2019 till 2030. The forecasts cover four submarkets, two air interface technologies, ten application categories, and five regions.
Commonly referred to as V2X, vehicle-to-everything communications technology allows vehicles to directly communicate with each other, roadside infrastructure, and other road users to deliver an array of benefits in the form of road safety, traffic efficiency, smart mobility, environmental sustainability, and driver convenience. In addition, V2X is also helping pave the way for fully autonomous driving through its unique non line-of-sight sensing capability that allows vehicles to detect potential hazards, traffic, and road conditions from longer distances and sooner than other in-vehicle sensors such as cameras, radar, and LiDAR (light detection and ranging).
Although legacy V2I (vehicle-to-infrastructure) technologies are currently in operational use worldwide for ETC (electronic toll collection) and relatively simple V2I applications, advanced V2X systems—capable of supporting V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle), V2I, and other forms of V2X communications—are beginning to gain broad commercial acceptance with two competing technologies vying for the attention of automakers and regulators: the commercially mature IEEE 802.11p/DSRC (Dedicated Short Range Communications) standard, and the relatively new 3GPP-defined C-V2X (Cellular V2X) technology, which has a forward evolutionary path toward 5G.
With an initial focus on road safety and traffic efficiency applications, Toyota and GM have already equipped some of their vehicle models with IEEE 802.11p-based V2X technology in Japan and North America. Among other commercial commitments, Volkswagen will begin deploying IEEE 802.11p on volume models in Europe starting from 2019, while Geely and Ford plan to integrate C-V2X in their new vehicles by 2021 and 2022, respectively. A number of luxury automakers—including BMW, Daimler, Volkswagen's subsidiary Audi, and Volvo Cars—already deliver certain V2X-type applications through wide-area cellular connectivity and supporting infrastructure such as appropriately equipped roadwork trailers.
Despite the ongoing 802.11p/DSRC vs. C-V2X debate, regulatory uncertainty, and other challenges, global spending on V2X communications technology is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 170% between 2019 and 2022. Research predicts that by the end of 2022, the V2X market will account for a market worth $1.2 billion, with an installed base of nearly 6 million V2X-equipped vehicles worldwide.
Regional markets are visibly divided, with the Chinese Government backing C-V2X, Europe leaning toward IEEE 802.11p through its recently published delegated act on C-ITS (Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems), and heated debates ensuing in the United States as a result of the 5GAA's waiver request to allow C-V2X deployments in the 5.9 GHz band. As a result, a number of automotive OEMs are beginning to adopt a flexible approach by choosing to deploy different technologies in different regions as they commit to V2X. For example, although GM has equipped its Cadillac CTS sedan vehicles with IEEE 802.11p in North America, the automaker is actively working with business partners to prepare for C-V2X deployment in China.
Besides becoming a standard safety feature on an increasing number of vehicles, V2X communications technology—through its non-line-of-sight sensing capability—will play a critical role in ensuring the safe and efficient operation of autonomous driving systems, particularly with the commercialization of next-generation V2X standards, specifically 5G-V2X and IEEE 802.11bd.
The globally harmonized 5.9 GHz band continues to remain the preferred spectrum for V2X communications technology, with the exception of Japan—where the national regulator has allocated a single 9 MHz channel in the frequency range 755.5–764.5 MHz for safety-related applications based on V2V and V2I communications.
Early discussions are ongoing for the potential use of new bands, most notably in the 3.4–3.8 GHz and 5.9–7.2 GHz frequency ranges, as well as millimeter wave spectrum for LOS (line-of-sight) and high-data-rate V2X applications. Recent field trials using the 39 GHz spectrum in the United States have demonstrated that millimeter propagations for V2V communications can work well in the distance range of 100 meters, without advanced beamforming techniques.
In addition, the report provides exclusive interview transcripts from eight companies across the V2X value chain: Cohda Wireless, Foresight Autonomous Holdings, Kapsch TrafficCom, Nokia, NXP Semiconductors, OnBoard Security, Qualcomm, and Savari.
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