Toyota, Kenworth, the Port of Los Angeles, and the California Air Resources Board (CARB) unveiled the first of Toyota and Kenworth's jointly developed fuel-cell electric heavy-duty trucks at the Port of Los Angeles.
The truck expands on the capabilities of Toyota's first two Project Portal proof-of-concept trucks through enhanced capability, packaging, and performance while offering an estimated range of more than 300 mi (483 km) per fill. Toyota and Kenworth will deploy a total of 10 trucks as part of the Zero and Near-Zero Emissions Freight Facilities Project (ZANZEFF), hauling cargo received at the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, throughout the LA Basin.
"Toyota is committed to fuel-cell electric technology as a powertrain for the future because it's a clean, scalable platform that can meet a broad range of mobility needs with zero emissions," said Bob Carter, Executive Vice President for Automotive Operations Toyota. "The ZANZEFF collaboration and the innovative shore-to-store project allow us to move heavy-duty truck fuel-cell electric technology towards commercialization."
CARB has awarded $41 million to the Port of Los Angeles for the ZANZEFF project as part of California Climate Investments, a California initiative designed to use Cap-and-Trade dollars to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, strengthen the economy, and improve public health and the environment--particularly in disadvantaged communities.
"This substantial climate investment by the state, matched by the project partners, will help speed up the number of zero-emission trucks in the California communities and neighborhoods where they are needed the most," said CARB Chair Mary D. Nichols. "It will provide a real-world at-work demonstration of innovative heavy-duty fuel-cell electric technologies. The project offers a commercial solution to move cargo and freight around the state using zero-emission trucks and equipment that protect air quality and cut climate-changing emissions."
Since operations began in April 2017, the Project Portal "Alpha" and "Beta" Proof of Concept Class 8 trucks have logged more than 14,000 miles of testing and real-world drayage operations in and around the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. The first Kenworth/Toyota Fuel Cell Electric Truck (FCET) under the ZANZEFF project will begin drayage operations in the fourth quarter.
The truck uses the Kenworth T680 Class 8 model combined with Toyota's fuel cell electric technology. Pioneered by the Port of Los Angeles with support from Toyota, Kenworth, and Shell, the endeavor intends to provide a large-scale shore-to-store plan and a hydrogen fuel-cell-electric technology framework for freight facilities to structure operations for future goods movement. The initiative is expected to help reduce emissions by more than 500 tons of greenhouse gas and 0.72 weighted tons of NOx, ROG, and PM10.
"The collaboration between the Port of Los Angeles, Kenworth, Toyota, and Shell is providing an excellent opportunity to demonstrate the viability of fuel-cell electric technology in both drayage service and regional haul commercial vehicle applications operating in Southern California," said Mike Dozier, General Manager of Kenworth Truck Company and PACCAR Vice President. "The performance of the 10 Kenworth Class 8 trucks being developed under this program—the first of which debuted today—is targeted to meet or exceed that of a diesel-powered truck, while producing water as the only emissions byproduct."
The Port of Los Angeles will develop the project in several phases, ultimately encompassing initiatives in Southern California, the Central Coast Area, and Merced County. The initial phase is designed to kickstart the leap to a new class of goods movement vehicles, while reducing emissions in designated disadvantaged communities.
The project phases will include 10 new zero-emissions fuel-cell-electric Kenworth/Toyota FCET developed through a collaboration between Kenworth and Toyota to move cargo from the Los Angeles and Long Beach ports throughout the Los Angeles area, the Inland Empire, the Port of Hueneme, and eventually to Merced. The trucks will be operated by Toyota Logistics Services, United Parcel Services, Total Transportation Services Inc., and Southern Counties Express.
Two new large-capacity heavy-duty hydrogen fueling stations will be developed by Shell in Wilmington and Ontario, CA. The two new stations will join three additional stations located at Toyota's Long Beach Logistics Services and Gardena R&D facilities to form an integrated, five-station heavy-duty hydrogen fueling network for the Los Angeles basin. These stations will be operated by Shell.
Use of zero-emissions technology is expected be expanded in cargo terminal and warehouse environments, including the first two zero-emissions yard tractors to be operated at the Port of Hueneme, as well as increased use of zero-emissions forklifts at Toyota's port warehouse.