More than 11 million vehicles will be equipped with V2X communications in 2024
More than 11 million light vehicles equipped with some form of vehicle-to-everything (V2X) system will be produced globally in 2024, representing 12% of the light vehicle fleet. New research and forecasts from IHS Markit predict that production of light vehicles equipped with V2X systems will be just under 15,000 units in 2019 and will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 277.5% to reach 11.2 million in 2024.
The automotive telematics forecasts from IHS Markit analyze technology deployment, monitor OEM sourcing strategies, and identify specific new business opportunities through a six-year forecast calendar of new programs. The data represents production forecasts of factory-installed telematics systems in new light vehicles.
In the debate over which technology V2X should be based on, dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) solutions lead the global automotive V2X market in the near term as they represent a proven technology with chips for system implementation readily available from several semiconductor companies. By 2020, overall deployment numbers will still be relatively low, according to IHS Markit forecasts, but cellular V2X (C-V2X) solutions will already have surpassed DSRC based solutions, due to expected rapid deployment in China.
China is projected to lead the global V2X market, with an estimated 629,000 light vehicles produced in the region equipped with C-V2X technology in 2020, and the country is expected to stay in the lead through to 2024. Europe is expected to be the second largest V2X market but with reliance mostly on DSRC-based solutions and just over 411,000 light vehicles produced during 2020. By 2023, Europe will also produce a significant amount of C-V2X based vehicles.
Japan and Korea also will achieve more noticeable deployments of DSRC-based solutions by 2021, showing a total of over 61,000 of such light vehicles produced between the two countries. In the North American market, production of C-V2X equipped cars is also expected to start in 2021, with just under 56,000 vehicles produced during that year. India is not expected to see any type of V2X production in vehicles until 2023, while the South America region falls outside of the forecast period (2017-2024) altogether.
“DSRC is a well-proven technology, but early testing of C-V2X based solutions are now being done by several companies,” said Anna Buettner, Connected Car Principal Analyst at IHS Markit. “C-V2X is gaining market momentum quickly in most regions and is likely to become the winning technology of choice over time, while a combined approach, in which both technologies are used, is also a real possibility in the near term while the technology is still developing.”
5G regulations are developing rapidly throughout many regions. Initial proposals made by governmental bodies, such as the one made by the European Commission in early March, could have potentially delayed cellular-based V2X deployment in Europe. However, since the announcement, the EU Parliament’s transport committee has come forward to reject the proposal alongside a number of OEMs. The latest vote by the European Commission now enables future 5G deployment, which would support C-V2X in automotive. Meanwhile, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission has recently delayed a vote to once again review a key technology that would pave the way for DSRC in the United States, highlighting the differences in regional approach that exist within key regulatory bodies.
“While regulatory bodies can greatly influence the fate and speed of deployment of V2X technologies, the momentum of V2X technology development will not be slowed down at the OEM and supplier level. This technology is here to stay,” added Buettner.