Autonomous or self-driving cars are quickly becoming a reality. As their name indicates, cars capable of autonomous driving require little or no human intervention. The degree of autonomy ranges from levels 0 to 5. Today, the most advanced commercial vehicle models on the market purportedly have Level 3 automation, which still require human drivers but enable them to take their eyes off the road and watch a movie while driving, for example.
Autonomous cars feature systems and intelligence that can observe the car’s surroundings and react accordingly. This may include technologies such as internal and external sensors, radars, computer vision, LiDAR, sonar, and GPS. Every second, these observation systems produce a huge amount of data that must be processed within the car because current wireless LTE network connections respond too slowly and cannot transfer the data for outside processing.