Automotive and mobility industry leaders publish 'Safety First for Automated Driving' white paper
Eleven industry leaders across the automotive and automated driving technology spectrum—Aptiv, Audi, Baidu, BMW, Continental, Daimler, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, HERE, Infineon, Intel, and Volkswagen—published “Safety First for Automated Driving,” (SaFAD), a non-binding organized framework for the development, testing, and validation of safe automated passenger vehicles.
The SaFAD white paper authors’ purpose is to emphasize the importance of safety by design, along with verification and validation, as the industry works toward creating standards for automated driving. The SaFAD is intended to offer automated vehicle (AV) developers and operators a system for clear traceability that proves AVs to be “safer than the average driver” through components such as cameras or steering systems. It presents a summary of safety-by-design and verification and validation methods of Level 3 and Level 4 automated driving as defined by the SAE (J3016).
The foundation of the SaFAD white paper is its 12 Guiding Principles, which are further refined into capabilities of the automated vehicle. “Safety First for Automated Driving” combines the expertise from key companies in the automaker, supplier, and technology industries to help direct development of safe automated vehicles.
The paper builds on Intel’s model for safer AV decision making, known as Responsibility-Sensitive Safety (RSS). Intel’s RSS model is highlighted under the Drive Planning Element that supports a capability to “create a collision-free and lawful driving plan.” This element achieves the top-level principle to behave safely as a means to understand, predict, and manage the manners of AVs and help ensure they conform to the rules of the road.
RSS was proposed in 2017 as a technology-neutral starting point for the industry to align on what it means for an AV to drive safely. RSS formalizes human notions of common-sense driving into a set of mathematical formulas that are transparent and verifiable, providing a “safety envelope” around an AV’s decision-making capabilities.
Karl Iagnemma, President of Aptiv Autonomous Mobility, said, “Aptiv Autonomous Mobility is making cities around the world safer, greener, and more connected. A critical component of delivering on the future of autonomous transportation is to ensure that we are leading global standards for the development and deployment of autonomous vehicles. Our ‘Safety First for Automated Driving’ white paper is a groundbreaking and necessary step towards accomplishing this."
Dr. Michael Hafner, head of Drive Technologies and Automated Driving at Mercedes-Benz Cars Development, stated, “In order to reach safe and consistent global development and deployment of automated vehicles, it is critical that we work across our space, with other industry leaders and regulators, to develop universal safety criteria for automated vehicles.”
A shared vision to reduce traffic fatalities through driverless technology has yielded a wide range of approaches throughout the industry. “Safety First for Automated Driving” reconciles the many different approaches into a cohesive whole where only the best and safest approach is taken.
With publication of “Safety First for Automated Driving,” authors and experts from each of the participating partners will present the group’s work at industry and technology conferences internationally over the next several months.