Five hundred fuel cell commercial trucks to deploy in Shanghai
Ballard Power Systems announced plans to deploy 500 licensed fuel cell electric commercial trucks using Ballard fuel cell stack technology in Shanghai, China.
Each of the 500 trucks, manufactured by Dongfeng Special Vehicle Co. Ltd., is licensed, plated, and powered by a 30-kW fuel cell engine that was designed and integrated by Shanghai Reinventing Fire Technology Company Ltd. (Re-Fire). The engines feature Ballard FCvelocity-9SSL proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell stacks, which are now being manufactured and are available from Guangdong Synergy Ballard Hydrogen Power Co., Ltd., Ballard's joint venture in Yunfu, Guangdong Province.
Each box van truck is 6.4 m (21 ft) long, can carry a load of 3.2 tons, and has an expected range of more than 330 km (205 mi). The trucks will be operated by Shanghai Sinotran New Energy Automobile Operation Co., Ltd., a newly established fuel cell electric vehicle operator. The trucks are expected to be used primarily for intra-city deliveries of goods.
Ballard and Re-Fire have entered into a collaboration arrangement under which Re-Fire has agreed to use Ballard-designed fuel cell stacks in its fuel cell engines. Ballard's FCvelocity-9SSL
"Re-Fire has developed a leading position as a system integrator in the fast-moving Chinese fuel cell transportation market," said Randy MacEwen, Ballard president and CEO. "We are pleased to be collaborating with Re-Fire as we drive market adoption of fuel cell electric vehicles—or FCEVs—incorporating Ballard fuel cell technology. We believe this is the largest planned deployment of fuel cell-powered trucks anywhere in the world. It is not surprising that this is happening in Shanghai given that city's leadership in the commercial adoption of FCEVs."
Robin Lin, Re-Fire CEO, noted, "Fuel cell electric commercial trucks represent a large and attractive market opportunity in China, particularly where user requirements favor long-range, heavy payloads and fast refueling. Ballard is the premier global PEM fuel cell technology company, so using Ballard-designed fuel cell stacks in our engines was an easy decision."
Lin concluded, "With the integration work completed in late 2017, and all 500 commercial trucks having received green license plates for new energy vehicles in Shanghai, we are now preparing for vehicle launch. We expect to deploy all 500 trucks in 2018, subject to parallel activities, including appropriate scaling of fueling infrastructure and our service platform."
In 2017, the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai, the Shanghai Municipal Commission of Economy and Information, and the Shanghai Municipal Development & Reform Commission launched the "Shanghai Fuel Cell Vehicle Development Plan," which calls for the annual production of 3,000 FCEVs by 2020.
Two recently constructed hydrogen refueling stations are currently operating in Shanghai, with two additional stations planned for completion in the first half of 2018. Per the "Shanghai Fuel Cell Vehicle Development Plan," 5–10 hydrogen fueling stations are planned by 2020.
China is forecasted to account for approximately 42% of global production of medium- and heavy-duty trucks in 2020, or approximately 1.1 million units, according to LMC Automotive.